The entire construction industry and owners of the built environment are under great pressure to reduce costs and, at the same time, be more responsive to “customers”. Designers face increasing focus on limiting both construction costs and the costs of their design services while compressing construction schedules and still meeting the highest quality standards.
Flexibility must be a basic feature of any new facility to keep it from rapid obsolescence in the face of changing needs and technologies. Facility needs are evolving rapidly, and the direction of that evolution is difficult to forecast with any certainty. New equipment technologies, new operation methodologies, and changes in the workplace population base all impact the facilities that house them.
Sustainability is a constant consideration for the design of all facilities. Many sustainable design features can be incorporated into facility design, including daylighting, energy and water conservation, nontoxic materials and finishes, and sustainable operations and maintenance.
Facility energy and water conservation standards must meet EPAct 2005 and Executive Order 13423 requirements. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) provides additional requirements for energy conservation.